According to recent estimates, at least 35% of Americans are classified as obese, and this trend towards obesity is only increasing. Obesity is defined as a state of excess adiposity (accumulation of lipids) due to prolonged positive energy imbalance. Obesity is also defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30kg/m or greater. There are multiple causes for obesity including, diet, genetics, inactivity or weight gain related to drugs such as oral corticosteroids, oral contraceptives, or serotonin reuptake inhibitors (antidepressants). Obesity increases the risk involved with more than 30 medical problems including skin issues.
Obesity is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation that can have deleterious affects on the skin resulting in decreased skin barrier function, decreased skin immunity, and decreased wound healing. In fact, many skin issues related to oxidative stress and/or inflammation are frequently associated with obesity including stasis dermatitis, intertrigo (inflammation in skin folds), striae (stretch marks), folliculitis (inflammation of hair follicles), xerosis (dry skin) and psoriasis. Furthermore, increased inflammation and obesity is typically linked with diabetes that can lead to diabetic foot ulcers, or prolonged inflammation associated with stasis dermatitis that can result in stasis (venous) ulcers.
Viniferamine® skin and wound care products contain potent anti-inflammatory ingredients including the polyphenols oleuropein, resveratrol, and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) from olives, grapes, and green tea, respectively, as well as the important small molecules, melatonin, and L-glutathione. In addition, dipotassium glycyrrhizate from licorice, avenanthramides in oats, aloe vera and shea butter possess anti-inflammatory activities. Viniferamine products also contain important ingredients that counteract oxidative stress including oleuropein, resveratrol, and EGCG, as well as melatonin, and L-glutathione.
Increased inflammation can also result in pruritus (itching) and/or pain and burning sensations frequently corresponding with obesity-related skin conditions including psoriasis, xerosis and folliculitis. In addition to the many anti-inflammatory ingredients found in Viniferamine® skin and wound care products, hydrocortisone, found in Hydrocortisone Cream 1%, can help decrease inflammation (and is frequently recommended for temporary relief for the symptoms and conditions listed above). In fact, Viniferamine® Hydrocortisone Cream 1% can help decrease redness, swelling, pain, itching, inflammation and burning sensations. Hydrocortisone Cream 1% also includes other Viniferamine® nutrients to facilitate skin hydration, nourishment and repair.
Obesity also decreases blood and lymphatic circulation leading to poor skin nutrition (since fewer nutrients are provided from the blood) and edema that can increase skin breakdown, increase the risk of venous stasis, promote immune dysfunction and impair wound healing. Viniferamine® skin and wound care products contain small molecule skin nutrients including antioxidants, amino acids and vitamins that can penetrate the epidermis to provide nutrition to skin. Viniferamine® SkinMineralZ also provides important skin minerals from mineral-rich clays as well as zinc oxide, and can absorb toxins and excess moisture associated with maceration and skin breakdown.
Decreased skin barrier function and increased skin pH has also been associated with obesity. Abnormal skin pH can result in dysbiosis (an upset in the natural balance of skin microorganisms or microbiome), which may lead to the increased growth of certain bacteria and fungi that can become pathogenic, including Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Candida albicans (C. albicans). In fact, a higher skin pH encourages the growth of C. albicans. In addition, excess moisture (that also encourages its growth) from sweating that may be found in skin folds often results in intertrigo due to irritation and friction from rubbing skin that can also contribute to skin breakdown.
Viniferamine® skin and wound care products including Renewal Moisturizer and Clean N Moist contain ingredients that strengthen the skin barrier such as oleuropein, which has been shown to increase barrier function and melatonin, which has been shown to have a stimulatory role in building and maintaining the epidermal barrier. All of the products are pH balanced to help preserve the natural skin microbiome and pH. In fact, the chemistry of the mild skin cleanser, Clean N Moist, corresponds with the chemistry of skin to ensure that at-risk skin is gently cleansed without causing irritation. Renewal Moisturizer and Clean N Moist also contain skin-hydrating ingredients as well as skin nutrients that help decrease xerosis and skin breakdown.
Many skin infections are more problematic with obesity including skin infections associated with folliculitis, cellulitis, and surgical sites. Viniferamine® Antiseptic Cleanser helps decrease the risk of microbial skin contamination, and contains a gentle broad-spectrum antimicrobial ingredient found in many eye drops, and along with other Viniferamine products, contains many naturally antimicrobial ingredients including resveratrol, which has been reported to inhibit methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and EGCG, which was shown to have antimicrobial effects against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Oleuropein has also been shown to inhibit the growth of several bacterial strains including S. aureus, and melatonin, has antimicrobial effects against MRSA and antibiotic resistant P. aeruginosa. In addition, Viniferamine® Silicone Barrier provides a “breathable” protective barrier to help exclude skin contaminants and irritants, and prevent friction due to rubbing skin. Silicone Barrier also includes an antimicrobial to decrease the risk of infections.
The ability of skin fibrobasts to produce collagen required for wound healing is also affected by obesity. Decreased oxygenation of tissues due to obesity that results from decreased blood circulation and other factors, inhibits their ability to synthesize collagen properly. Viniferamine® skin and wound care products contain ingredients that promote collagen synthesis and wound healing including titrated extract of Centella asiatica (TECA) and aloe vera. With obesity, impaired wound healing and skin breakdown can also be related to an individual’s immobility or sedation, as well as improperly sized equipment such as wheelchairs that contribute to chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers.
Because obesity is associated with an increased risk of skin issues including skin breakdown, wounds and infections, skin (especially in skin fold areas) should be carefully examined and monitored for moisture, inflammation and signs of infection such as redness, swelling, warmth, or odor. Areas between skin folds should also be kept clean and dry. Viniferamine® SkinMineralZ can help absorb excess moisture and irritating toxins from sweat. Other areas including feet should be examined carefully, moisturized (except between toes) and protected to prevent skin breakdown and ulcers.
It’s good to know that Viniferamine® skin and wound care products help protect skin at risk due to health issues such as obesity. Viniferamine® skin and wound care products include potent anti-inflammatory ingredients, as well as other beneficial ingredients that counteract oxidative stress, help preserve a healthy skin pH and microbiome, decrease the risk of irritations and infections, and strengthen skin to help prevent skin breakdown and promote wound healing.
About the author: Nancy Ray, PhD is the Science Officer at McCord Research. Dr. Ray received her PhD in Biochemistry and Biophysics and was a postdoctoral fellow at NIH, Harvard University and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and the University of Iowa. She also earned bachelor of science degrees in Chemistry and Microbiology.
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