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Strengthening Fragile Skin to Reduce Skin Tears

Posted by Nancy Ray on

Fragile, thinning skin and skin tears are common issues among older individuals.  A skin tear is a wound caused by shear, friction, and/or blunt force resulting in the separation of skin layers.  Skin tears can be either partial thickness (separation of the epidermis from the dermis) or full thickness (separation of both the epidermis and the dermis from the subcutaneous tissue).  Loss of cohesion between the skin layers allows the skin to move independently, resulting in tears with even minor forces including tape removal from skin. Skin tears may be considered by some as minor injuries, but in fact, they...

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Taking Care of Heat Rash

Posted by Nancy Ray on

It’s easy to forget how important it is to sweat in order to cool your body off when it’s really hot outside.  During intense physical exercise, you may not even notice when you’re not sweating properly.  This could lead to problems that could rapidly become serious including severe heat rash or worse, heat illnesses like heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Heat rash or miliaria (not to be confused with malaria) occurs when sweat ducts become clogged.  Heat rash results from heat accumulation in the skin due to high temperatures and humidity, intense exercise, fevers, certain medications or certain medical conditions. ...

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Reducing Sun Damage to Skin

Posted by Nancy Ray on

The sun is a powerful source of energy and radiation that can be both beneficial and harmful.  It feels great to get out in the sun, especially after a cold, rainy day, but the effects of too much sun can be incredibly damaging to skin health.  The sunlight’s cellular and molecular effects depend on the radiation energy and penetration.  The spectrum of solar radiation ranges from the shorter wavelengths of UVB and UVA to the longer wavelengths of visible radiation (VIS), near-infrared radiation (NIR) and infrared radiation (IR).  UV radiation has more energy and is more penetrating.  UVB radiation has...

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Increasing Skin Stability with Hyaluronic Acid

Posted by Nancy Ray on

Hyaluronic Acid (HA), also known as hyaluronan, HA is one of the most ubiquitous linear polysaccharides found in nature.  It is found in almost every part of the body including skin. It’s an important component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), a complex interlocking meshwork found outside of skin cells (and other cells) that includes fibrous proteins such as collagens, elastin and fibronectin.  Connective tissues including skin and cartilage are especially rich in ECM.  As an integral part of the ECM, HA provides a structural role, as well as many other crucial roles.  Amazingly, approximately half of the body’s total HA...

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The Importance of Skin Lipids

Posted by Nancy Ray on

The Importance of Skin Lipids The stratum corneum or uppermost layer of the epidermis has been described of as consisting of bricks and mortar.  Long thought of as an inactive layer of dead skin cells, in contrast, the stratum corneum is highly dynamic.  The bricks are the corneocytes or differentiated keratinocytes that are tightly connected by links called corneodesmosomes and the mortar is the extracellular space composed of highly ordered lamellar lipids that form membranes.  The lipids within the extracellular spaces help provide a barrier to moisture and electrolyte loss from the skin that is absolutely required for survival.  These...

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Decreasing Sun Sensitivity Inflammation

Posted by Nancy Ray on

Exposure to the sun can cause UV-induced damage to DNA in skin cells resulting in inflammation known as sunburn. Skin contains molecules that absorb UV radiation such as DNA and other chromophores. The absorbed energy is then re-emitted as harmless, longer wavelength radiation or cell-damaging thermochemical reactions involving free-radical reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and oxidative stress. Viniferamine® skincare products, including Renewal Moisturizer, contain ingredients that counteract oxidative stress such as oleuropein, resveratrol, EGCG, melatonin, and L-glutathione. Oxidative stress typically results in inflammation; various ingredients found in Viniferamine® skincare products decrease inflammation including the beneficial polyphenols oleuropein, resveratrol, and epigallocatechin-3-gallate...

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Helping Decrease Rashes

Posted by Nancy Ray on

Helping Decrease Rashes There are many different kinds of rashes that have various causes. Some rashes are associated with fever and/or serious illnesses and should be brought to the attention of a healthcare professional immediately. Here we will mainly focus on more common rashes not typically associated with fever. Rashes generally cause the skin to change color and can be accompanied by inflammation, itching (pruritus), blisters, swelling and pain. Many rashes are nonspecific. They can last from 5 to 20 days and can be associated with problematic issues such as irritations, sunburn, allergies, eczema, infections (including yeast infections), cancer, autoimmune...

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Reducing Xerosis (Abnormally Dry Skin)

Posted by Nancy Ray on

Xerosis or abnormally dry skin is a common skin problem especially among older individuals. With normal (or intrinsic) skin aging, as opposed to skin aged by the sun, skin becomes thinner, has a decreased amount of blood flow and lipids, and collagen in the skin becomes fragmented resulting in drier, more colorless skin with fine wrinkles. In contrast, photoaging (or extrinsic aging) caused by UV radiation is characterized by the accumulation of abnormal elastin in the skin and the disintegration of collagen resulting in deep wrinkles, hyperpigmentation (age or liver spots) and a leathery appearance of the skin. Xerosis is...

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Protecting Skin from Stress

Posted by Nancy Ray on

Most people realize that stress affects critical organs like the heart and the brain, but what’s not as well known is how stress affects other important organs including skin. In fact, scientists are now learning more and more about the affects of stress on the skin and how skin stress can affect the body in general (systemic affects). There are many different types of stress that can affect the skin including from environmental sources such as UV radiation (UVR) from the sun, low humidity, or air pollution. Some forms of environmental stress like UVR and air pollution result in oxidative...

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Decreasing Obesity-Related Skin Issues

Posted by Nancy Ray on

According to recent estimates, at least 35% of Americans are classified as obese, and this trend towards obesity is only increasing. Obesity is defined as a state of excess adiposity (accumulation of lipids) due to prolonged positive energy imbalance. Obesity is also defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30kg/m or greater. There are multiple causes for obesity including, diet, genetics, inactivity or weight gain related to drugs such as oral corticosteroids, oral contraceptives, or serotonin reuptake inhibitors (antidepressants). Obesity increases the risk involved with more than 30 medical problems including skin issues.  Obesity is associated with oxidative stress...

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